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中考英语的一般时态是哪3个?看完你就清楚了

中考资讯 来源:网络 编辑:李娜 2018-10-31 10:10:56 浏览:

  初中的英语是为高中做好铺垫的关键时期,各种语法时态学好,高中学英语就轻松了不少,秦学教育小。编今天为大家整理了中考英语必须掌握的3个一般时态,英语困难户们都来看看吧。

中考英语的一般时态是哪3个?看完你就清楚了

  一般现在时

  (一)动词的第三人称单数变化规则

中考英语的一般时态是哪3个?看完你就清楚了

  (二)一般现在时的句型结构

  肯定句:主语(非三单)+ 动词原形+ …

  主语(三单) + 动词第三人称单数+ …

  否定句:主语(非三单)+don’t + 动词原形+ …

  主语(三单)+ doesn’t + 动词原形+ …

  一般疑问句:Do(用于非三单)+ 主语+动词原形+ … ?

  Does(用于三单)+主语+动词原形 + … ?

  (三)一般现在时的用法

  1. 表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的副词连用。常用的频度副词有:always, often, usually, seldom, never等。频度副词在句中通常放在行为动词之前,系动词、助动词之后。如:

  He often goes swimming in summer.

  I usually leave home for school at 7 every morning.

  2. 表示现在的状态,如:

  My father is at work. He is very busy.

  The boy is twelve.

  3. 表示主语具备的性格、特征和能力等,如:

  All my family love football.

  My sister is always ready to help others.

  4. 表示客观真理、客观存在、自然现象等,如:

  The earth moves around the sun.

  Shanghai lies in the east of China.

  5. 表示按计划或安排将要发生的动作,可用一般现在时表将来。但只限于start, begin, leave, go, come, arrive, return, take place等,如:

  The train leaves at six tomorrow morning.

  He comes back tonight.

  6. 在复合句中,当主句是一般将来时,时间或条件状语从句的谓语动词只能用一般现在时来表示将来要发生的动作。如:

  If you take the job, they will talk with you in greater details.

  按要求完成句子

  1. Lucy likes going skating with her friends. (改写成否定句)

  ______________________________________________________

  2. Aunt Li’s son has ten toy bears. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________

  3. His watch costs 300 yuan. (变成一般疑问句并作否定回答)

  ______________________________________________________

  4. I like being a nurse for the old. (变成一般疑问句)

  ______________________________________________________

  5. 张叔叔每天乘坐地铁上班。(中译英)

  ______________________________________________________

  6. 我们每周日常花三小时在图书馆看书。(中译英)

  ______________________________________________________

  7. 我爷爷常常晚饭后出去散步。(中译英)

  ______________________________________________________

  Keys:

  1. Lucy doesn’t like going skating with her friends.

  2. How many toy bears does Aunt Li’s son have?

  3. Does his watch cost him 300 yuan?

  No, it doesn’t.

  4. Do you like being a nurse for the old?

  5. Uncle Zhang goes to work by subway every day.

  6. We usually spend three hours in reading books in the library every Wednesday.

  7. My grandfather usually goes for a walk after dinner.

  一般过去时

  (一)动词过去式的规则变化

  注:不规则动词的过去式参见教材

  (二)一般过去时的句型结构

  第一类:当句中动词是be动词时

  肯定句:主语+be动词(was, were)+…

  否定句:主语+be动词(was, were)+not+…

  一般疑问句:Be动词(was, were) +主语+…?

  肯定回答:Yes,主语 + be动词(was, were).

  否定回答:No,主语 + be动词(was, were) + not.

  特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ be +主语 + …?

  第二类:当句中动词是行为动词时

  肯定句:主语+ 动词的过去式 + …

  否定句:主语+didn’t+ 动词原形+ …

  一般疑问句:Did+主语+ 动词原形+…?

  肯定回答:Yes,主语+ did.

  否定回答:No,主语+ didn’t.

  特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+ did +主语+ 动词原形 +…?

  (三)一般过去时的用法

  1. 表示过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语yesterday, last week, an hour ago, just now, the other day, in 1982等连用。在一般过去时中,要表达“过多少时间之后”,一般用after。如:

  Where did you go just now?

  After a few years, she started to play the piano.

  2. 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常与often, always等表示频度的副词连用。如:

  When I was a child, I often played football in the street.

  3. 一般过去时也可与today, this week, this month, this year等表现在的时间状语连用,但这些时间状语指过去的时间,决不包含“现在”“此时此刻”的意思。如:

  Did you see him today?

  按照要求完成句子

  1. Yesterday I went swimming. (改写成否定句)

  ______________________________________________________

  2. He was born in Shanghai. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________

  3. 我昨天买了一辆新自行车。(中译英)

  ______________________________________________________

  4. 我前天读了一本书。(中译英)

  ______________________________________________________

  Keys: 1. Yesterday I didn’t go swimming.

  2. Where was he born?

  3. I bought a new bike yesterday.

  4. I read a book the day before yesterday.

  一般将来时

  一、一般将来时的用法

  1. 表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,常与tomorrow, next year等连用。如:

  I’ll meet you at the school gate tomorrow morning.

  2. 表示将来经常或反复发生的动作。如:

  I’ll come and see you every Saturday next year.

  3. 表示说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测,通常用在be afraid, be/feel sure, hope, know, think等后面的从句或与副词perhaps, possibly, maybe等连用。如:

  I think she’ll go back home for supper.

  Maybe she’ll go to the gym.

  二、一般将来时的结构及其用法

  (一) 助动词will+动词原形

  在口语中,will在名词或代词后常缩写为’ll,will not常缩写为won’t。在疑问句中,主语为第一人称(I和we)时,常用助动词shall。如:She’ll go to play basketball.

  Shall we go to the zoo?

  (二)be going to +动词原形

  1. 表示主语进行某一行动的打算意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,即计划、安排要发生的事。如:

  What are you going to do tomorrow?

  The play is going to be produced next month。

  2. 表示说话人确信如此或有某种迹象表明某事即将发生,如:

  Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.

  注意:be going to 和will之间的区别

  1. 两者都用于预测时,be going to意指有迹象表明某件事将要发生,属客观的推测;will则意指说话人认为/相信某件事将要发生,属主观的推测。如:

  He is seriously ill. He is going to die.

  He will be twenty years old.

  2. 两者在时间的发生上,be going to通常表示马上要发生或相当快就要发生的事情;而will不指明任何具体时间,可以指遥远的未来。如:

  He is going to write a letter tonight.

  He will write a book one day.

  3. 两者都表示意图时,be going to含有预先计划、准备的意思;will则指未经过预先思考或计划,是临时的一种决定。如:

  She is going to lend us her book.

  He will be here in half an hour.

  4. 在条件状语从句中,be going to表将来,will表意愿。如:

  If you are going to make a journey, you’d better get ready for it as soon as possible.

  Miss Gao will tell you the answer if you ask her.

  (三)be +不定式表将来,表示客观安排或受人指示而将要做某事。如:

  We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

  (四)be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。如:

  He is about to leave for Beijing.

  按照要求完成句子

  1. Mrs. Brown is going to buy a digital camera. (对划线部分提问)

  ____________________________________________________

  2. My boss is going to fly to London on business the day after tomorrow. (用often改写句子)____________________________________________________

  3. Sam will visit Brazil next week. (变成一般疑问句并作否定回答)

  ____________________________________________________

  4. 他们今晚要去看足球赛。(中译英)

  ____________________________________________________

  Keys: 1. What is Mrs. Brown going to do?

  2. My boss often flies to London on business.

  3. Will Sam visit Brazil next week?

  Yes, he will.

  4. They are going to watch a football match tonight.

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